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Pickwick Stages Corp. v. Hare

Supreme Court of Arizona

February 24, 1931

PICKWICK STAGES CORPORATION, a Corporation, Appellant,
EMILY I. HARE and R. F. HARE, Her Husband, Appellees

APPEAL from a judgment of the Superior Court of the County of Maricopa. Joseph S. Jenckes, Judge. Judgment affirmed.

Messrs. Armstrong, Lewis & Kramer, for Appellant.

Messrs. Holzworth, McNabb & Phillips and Mr. J. C. Wilson for Appellees.


Page 1110


This is an appeal from a judgment for damages for personal injuries sustained by Emily I. Hare on December 16, 1927, by the turning over of one of the defendant's stages, in which she was riding as a regular paid passenger.

The action was filed originally on December 12, 1929, by Emily I. Hare without making her husband, R. F. Hare, a party. The trial was set down for March 6, 1930. After the setting, and on March [37 Ariz. 571] 1, 1930, defendant filed an amended answer consisting of a general denial and a plea of nonjoinder of plaintiff's husband. When the case was reached for trial, on March 6th, an amended complaint was filed by plaintiff, the amendment consisting of the making of the husband a party plaintiff. The defendant thereupon objected to proceeding with the trial on the ground that it had not been given an opportunity to determine just what its position was, or what its defense should be after the amendment. The objection was overruled, and the trial proceeded, resulting in a verdict and judgment in favor of plaintiffs in the sum of $5,000.

Defendant has appealed and assigns as error the action of the court in proceeding with the trial on the amended complaint immediately after it was filed, and in refusing to give defendant an opportunity to investigate the status of the husband and determine its defense.

The right to amend is not questioned. The amendment did not change the cause of action. It left the issues on the merits precisely as they were before, and, if defendant was prepared for trial before the amendment, it was prepared afterward. Of course the husband was a necessary party (section 3729, Rev. Code 1928), but no one knew that better than defendant, as is exemplified by its plea of nonjoinder. We think the defendant might also have foreseen knowing how very liberal our statute on amendment of pleading is (section 3740, Rev. Code 1928), that plaintiff's amendment, as it was only formal, would be allowed by the court without any question. If the amendment had raised any new issue of fact, and a showing of unpreparedness to meet it had been made, the defendant might well complain of being forced to trial at once. Such, however, is not the situation. The ruling was not error, under the circumstances.

[37 Ariz. 572] The only other question raised on this appeal by defendant, is the amount of damages awarded. Under this head it is claimed the damages were not shown to have been the result of defendant's negligence, and at all events that they are excessive.

We state enough of the pleadings to show the character of injuries and damages claimed to have been sustained. It is alleged in the complaint that plaintiff Emily was riding in a seat with two other women, who were sitting on her left; that the stage was negligently turned over on its right side, throwing her violently against that side of the coach with the other passengers in the seat on top of her; that she was hurt in her back, neck, and right shoulder and bruised in various parts of her body; that her heart, stomach, digestive organs and nerves were deleteriously affected, from which she has endured great pain and suffering, and would continue in the future to endure therefrom great pain and suffering.

The evidence shows that plaintiff Emily was 42 years of age at the time of the accident, healthy and able to do the ordinary work of housekeeping with comfort. In the accident she sustained no bruises or marks, except, perhaps, on one of her legs was a slight coloration. Her injuries, if any, were all subjective; none were visible to the eye. However, according to her testimony, immediately after the accident, she was attacked with internal pains in her head, neck, shoulders and vertebrae, and sickness of the stomach, followed by restlessness, nervousness and inability to sleep. Later her affliction became more or less localized in the right shoulder and cervical vertebrae, causing, as she says, a dull aching pain in those parts and acute pains in her right arm and shoulder when used. This neuritic condition of the neck and right shoulder and general nervousness were present at the trial and had been from a time shortly after the accident.

[37 Ariz. 573] Dr. Charles W. Sult, physician for defendant, on the evening of the accident, and within a few hours thereafter, examined plaintiff, and his diagnosis, taken from the record, was:

"Stiff neck, injury to the back and lumbar spine. . . . Neck, tenderness on manipulation over ...

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