L. C. McNABB, Administrator of the Estate of JOHN FISHER, Deceased, Appellant,
GURIE FISHER and THE VALLEY BANK, a Corporation, Appellees
APPEAL from a judgment of the Superior Court of the County of Maricopa. Honorable Joseph S. Jenckes, Judge. Judgment reversed and cause remanded, with directions.
Messrs. McNabb & DeCamp, for Appellant.
Messrs. Dougherty & Dougherty and Mr. James A. Walsh, for Appellee Fisher.
[38 Ariz. 289] ROSS, J.
This is an action by L. C. McNabb, the administrator of the estate of John Fisher, deceased, against Gurie (G. W.) Fisher, a son of John Fisher, and the Valley Bank, to recover from the bank a balance of a deposit made therein, a short time before John Fisher died, in the name of the deceased and his son G. W. Fisher, payable to either or the survivor. The bank answered that it was ready to pay the money to whomsoever the court ordered it paid. Gurie Fisher answered by way of specific and general denials. The court, after hearing the evidence, decided the case in favor of defendant Gurie Fisher and ordered the bank to pay such deposit to him. The administrator has appealed.
There is no question but that every dollar of the deposit was at one time the property of the deceased. This is conceded, but defendant contends that the money is his; that it was given to him by the deceased.
It is settled in this jurisdiction that, if the evidence substantially supports the trial court's findings and conclusions as to the facts, we will not disturb them. In other words, if the evidence was in conflict as to whose property the money was, the decision of the [38 Ariz. 290] trial court will be accepted by the appellate tribunal as final.
The gift here, if there be one, is what is known as a gift inter vivos. It differs from a gift causa mortis in that it is irrevocable, whereas the latter may be revoked at any time before the donor's death. 28 Corpus Juris, 622, § 6. Essential elements of a gift are that the donor manifest a clear and unmistakable intent to give the property to the party claiming as donee, and that he pass to
the latter before his death the possession and control of the thing given. Mere intention to give is not enough, nor is change of possession or control; these must concur.
The plaintiff's position is that, taking the testimony in its strongest light in favor of defendant, there was no gift, because there was shown no intention to give nor any surrender of control to Gurie Fisher.
The undisputed evidence is that John Fisher was an old man and in need of someone to look after him and his affairs. He had lived some thirty-five years at Black Rock, Graham county, Arizona, and owned a small herd of cattle and some mining locations. On or about 1927 or 1928 two of his daughters and their husbands and families, and Clem Fisher, a son, came from Oklahoma to Graham county. In November of 1928 defendant Gurie appeared on the scene. They all joined the old gentleman in an effort to develop his mines, but lost their time, labor and money, as the mines proved worthless. Gurie was with his father most of the time after he arrived. The other children lived with their families. In June of 1929 the father sold his cattle and deposited the sale price to his account in the Safford branch of the Valley Bank. At that time his total deposit was around $1,900. Because of the father's poor and illegible writing, it was necessary that someone fill out his checks. This was usually done by the cashier, the father signing [38 Ariz. 291] them. Some talk was had about having someone else empowered to write and also sign checks against his deposit, at Safford, but no arrangements were in fact made. In September, 1929, the father and defendant Gurie went together on a visit to Texas and Oklahoma, states where they had formerly lived. Gurie had no money whatever, and his expenses on this trip were paid by the father. Before going, the father drew out of the Safford bank all of his deposit, taking in lieu thereof $75 in traveler's checks for expenses and the balance in a cashier's check payable to himself. This check, at Drumwright, Oklahoma, was deposited in the Drumwright State Bank to the father's account. Some of it was drawn out for expenses there and in returning home, and a cashier's check, payable to the order of G. W. Fisher, taken for the balance of $1,577. The father and son came to Mesa, Arizona, along in November, 1929, and on the 15th of that month Gurie left for collection with the Mesa branch of the Valley Bank the cashier's check above described. After its collection and on November 25, 1929, he returned to the bank with his father, and they opened an account in their joint names, thus: "Deposited by John or G. W. Fisher" $1,526.60. G. W. (Gurie) Fisher stated to the bank official that "they wanted a joint account so either he or his father might draw on it as occasion required." A card was made out by the bank official expressive of their wishes, and they signed it "John Fisher" and "G. W. Fisher." This card in general terms provided that either of the persons so signing or the survivor of them could draw against the deposit.
Gurie, on his direct examination concerning the Drumwright cashier's check and how it happened to be made to him, ...