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Beavers v. Beavers

Supreme Court of Arizona

February 12, 1940

J. M. BEAVERS, Appellant,
v.
T. F. BEAVERS and ANGIE BEAVERS, Appellees

APPEAL from an order of the Superior Court of the County of Maricopa. M. T. Phelps, Judge. Appeal dismissed.

Mr. Marshall W. Haislip, for Appellant.

Mr. Renz L. Jennings and Mr. Emmett R. Feighner, for Appellees.

OPINION

Page 96

ROSS, C.J.

The plaintiff J. M. Beavers brought an action against the defendants T. F. Beavers and Angie Beavers, his wife, to foreclose a mortgage on [55 Ariz. 123] Lot 26, Citrus Acres, in Maricopa county, given by the husband to the plaintiff to cover the purchase price of the lot. It is alleged that on the 26th day of October, 1931, plaintiff loaned to defendants for their community purpose as husband and wife the sum of $600, to be used to purchase the lot and that said lot was purchased therewith; that upon the plaintiff making the loan to defendants on said date, the defendants agreed to secure the loan by executing to him a mortgage on the lot and to pay for the use of the money interest at the rate of 6 per cent. per annum. It is then alleged that on the same day the husband executed and delivered to plaintiff a mortgage on said premises, in accordance with agreement, to secure a note of the mortgagor, of even date, for $600, the due date of such note being November 15, 1932; that the wife on said 26th day of October agreed orally with plaintiff to execute a mortgage with like terms and conditions but had failed and refused to do so.

The relief asked is judgment for $600 and interest against both defendants; the foreclosure of the mortgage and sale of the property to satisfy the judgment; a decree establishing an equitable mortgage against the wife, Angie, in like terms and effect as the mortgage signed by the husband, and quieting title in plaintiff against defendants.

The defendants demurred to the complaint on the ground that the statute of limitations had run before the commencement of the action. This demurrer was sustained as to Angie Beavers and plaintiff elected to stand on his complaint, whereupon the court dismissed the complaint as to defendant Angie Beavers with costs. The appeal is from this order.

The action is still pending in the superior court undisposed of.

The defendants filed a motion to dismiss the appeal for the reason that the order appealed from is [55 Ariz. 124] not an appealable one. Although we have heretofore denied defendants' motion, a further investigation convinces us we were wrong in so doing. Section 3659, Revised Code of 1928, provides:

"An appeal may be taken to the supreme court from a superior court in the following cases:

"1. From a final judgment entered in an action or special proceeding commenced in a superior court, or brought into a superior court from any other court except in actions of forcible entry and detainer where the rental value of the property is less than three hundred dollars per year.

"5. From any order affecting a substantial right, made in any action when such order in effect determines the action and prevents judgment from which an appeal might be taken...."

If these subdivisions do not cover the case, then there is no appeal. It is plain that subdivision 5 does not authorize the appeal. The order of dismissal as to the wife does not determine the action, and does not prevent a judgment in the action from which an appeal may be taken. When the case is tried and final disposition is made of the action, the aggrieved party may appeal. ...


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