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Murphy v. Sebit LLC

United States District Court, Ninth Circuit

June 24, 2013

Matthew Murphy, Plaintiff,
Sebit LLC, et al., Defendants.


FREDERICK J. MARTONE, Senior District Judge.

We have before us defendant Sebit LLC's motion for summary judgment (doc. 103) and separate statement of facts ("DSOF") (doc. 101), plaintiff's response (doc. 106), and defendant's reply (doc. 108).


On a motion for summary judgment we accept undisputed facts as true and review disputed facts in the light most favorable to the non-moving party. Anthoine v. N. Cent. Cntys. Consortium , 605 F.3d 740, 745 (9th Cir. 2010). Plaintiff generally disputes defendant's "summary of undisputed facts, " but does not provide a separate controverting statement of facts as required by LRCiv 56.1(b). Although plaintiff lists four numbered facts in the body of his response to the motion, he does not support his assertions with citations to materials in the record as required by Rule 56(c)(1), Fed.R.Civ.P. Instead, plaintiff makes a series of improper evidentiary objections and argues that defendant's failure to comply with discovery deprived plaintiff of documents that would refute defendant's claims. However, plaintiff fails to identify the specific facts he seeks, or to show that such facts exist. "[A] party cannot successfully oppose a summary judgment motion by simply claiming that further discovery may yield unspecified facts that could plausibly defeat summary judgment." Smith v. Barrow Neurological Institute of St. Joseph's Hosp. and Medical Center, 2012 WL 3108811, *2 (D. Ariz. 2012) (citation omitted). Any disputed fact that a party does not support with admissible evidence is insufficient to defeat summary judgment. Taylor v. List , 880 F.2d 1040, 1045 (9th Cir. 1989). Because plaintiff has failed to properly address defendant's assertions of fact, we consider defendant's statement of facts as undisputed for purposes of this motion. Fed.R.Civ.P. 56(e)(2).

Defendant, Sebit LLC ("Sebit"), markets and sells interactive educational tools to schools in the United States, Canada, and Latin America. Sebit employed plaintiff as a special projects marketing manager between March 2009 and April 2010. At times, plaintiff worked with office coordinator Jackie Mercier, whose duties included providing administrative support to plaintiff. In November 2009, plaintiff informed Patricia Myers, Sebit's human resources director, that Mercier's work was subpar, that she constantly challenged him, and that she had touched him inappropriately on two occasions, by hugging him and by "bopping" him on the forehead with her palm. DSOF ¶ 4. Myers met with plaintiff and Mercier to develop a written plan to help both individuals improve their working relationship. In February 2010, plaintiff again complained that Mercier had inappropriately touched him. Myers met with Mercier and instructed her that she was not to touch plaintiff for any reason, under any circumstances, and that any further incidents would lead to discipline. DSOF ¶ 9. Mercier did not touch plaintiff again after the February 2010 incident.

In January 2010, Sebit hired a new CEO, Jim Bowler, who decided to restructure the entire marketing department. In March 2010, plaintiff was granted medical leave to undergo surgery for prostate cancer. While he recovered from his surgery, Sebit allowed plaintiff to work from home. After plaintiff returned to work on-site in mid-April 2010, he testified that he was performing his job successfully without restrictions, and that the only thing he needed to do his job was close proximity to the restroom, which Sebit granted. On April 30, 2010, Sebit informed plaintiff that his position was being eliminated due to restructuring of the marketing department.

Following his discharge, plaintiff filed this action alleging (1) violation of the Americans with Disabilities Act ("ADA"); (2) sex discrimination in violation of Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964, 42 U.S.C. §§ 2000e, et seq. ("Title VII"); (3) hostile work environment in violation of Title VII; (4) retaliation in violation of Title VII; (5) assault and battery; and (6) intentional infliction of emotional distress. Defendant argues that it is entitled to summary judgment on all counts.


Summary judgment is appropriate if the evidence, viewed in the light most favorable to the nonmoving party, shows "that there is no genuine issue as to any material fact and that the movant is entitled to judgment as a matter of law." Fed.R.Civ.P. 56(a). Summary judgment is also appropriate against a party who "fails to make a showing sufficient to establish the existence of an element essential to that party's case, and on which that party will bear the burden of proof at trial." Celotex Corp. v. Catrett , 477 U.S. 317, 322, 106 S.Ct. 2548, 2552 (1986).

Count I - Americans with Disabilities Act

Plaintiff contends that defendant violated the Americans with Disabilities Act ("ADA") by firing him instead of accommodating his alleged disability. To claim protections under the ADA, plaintiff must demonstrate he is disabled within the meaning of the Act. Thompson v. Holy Family Hosp. , 121 F.3d 537, 539 (9th Cir. 1997). Disability is defined as "(A) a physical or mental impairment that substantially limits one or more of the major life activities of [an] individual; (B) a record of such an impairment; or (C) being regarded as having such an impairment." 42 U.S.C. § 12102(2). Defendant argues that plaintiff is not disabled within the meaning of the ADA. In his response to defendant's motion, plaintiff simply states that he "did suffer a disability that evidenced physical and mental traumas." Response at 2. However, he has not provided any evidence of a physical or mental impairment that substantially limited his activities. Plaintiff's conclusory allegation is insufficient to withstand a motion for summary judgment. Thompson , 121 F.3d at 540. We grant summary judgment on this basis alone. In addition, other than plaintiff's bare allegations, there is no evidence in the record that the defendant deliberately acted or failed to act because of plaintiff's alleged disability. The motion for summary judgment on the ADA claim is granted.

Count II, III, & IV - Title VII Claims

To establish a prima facie case of Title VII disparate treatment based on sex, a plaintiff must show that he (1) belongs to a protected class, (2) was qualified for the position, (3) was subject to an adverse employment action, and (4) similarly situated individuals outside his protected class were treated more favorably. Chuang v. Univ. of Cal. Davis , 225 F.3d 1115, 1123 (9th Cir. 2000). To establish the fourth element, plaintiff must show that he is similarly situated to the employees allegedly receiving more favorable treatment in all material respects. Moran v. Selig , 447 F.3d 748, 755 (9th Cir. 2006). "[I]ndividuals are similarly situated when they have similar jobs and display similar conduct." Vasquez v. County of Los Angeles , 349 F.3d 634, 641 (9th Cir. 2003). Plaintiff has not shown that Mercier, the employee with whom plaintiff compares himself, is similarly situated in all material respects. In his deposition plaintiff acknowledged that Mercier reported to him, and that her job duties were not the same as his. See Doc. 101-3 at 8. Additionally, plaintiff's response to defendant's motion does not offer evidence supporting his sex discrimination claim. Because plaintiff does not meet his burden of establishing a prima facie case of sex discrimination, we need not reach the questions of whether Sebit had a legitimate, nondiscriminatory reason for eliminating his position and whether such reason was a pretext for discrimination. Accordingly, we grant summary judgment for Sebit on the Title VII sex discrimination claim.

Count three of plaintiff's complaint alleges that he was subject to a hostile work environment. A hostile work environment exists "[w]hen the workplace is permeated with discriminatory intimidation, ridicule, and insult that is sufficiently severe or pervasive to alter the conditions of the victim's employment." Harris v. Forklift Sys., Inc. , 510 U.S. 17, 21, 114 S.Ct. 367, 370 (1993) (quotation omitted). The environment must be both objectively offensive to a reasonable person and subjectively offensive to this particular plaintiff. Faragher v. City of Baca Raton , 524 U.S. 775, 787, 118 S.Ct. 2275, 2283 (1998). When determining whether an environment is sufficiently hostile to a reasonable person, the court must consider all the circumstances, including the "frequency of the discriminatory conduct; its severity; whether it is physically threatening or humiliating, or a mere offensive utterance; and whether it unreasonably interferes with an employee's work performance." Harris , 510 U.S. at 23, 114 S.Ct. at 371. "[S]imple teasing, offhand comments, and isolated incidents (unless extremely serious) will not ...

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