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Ashby v. Bank of America, N.A.

United States District Court, Ninth Circuit

August 16, 2013

Debra J. Ashby and Nicholas Ashby, a husband and wife, Plaintiffs,
Bank of America, N.A. and John and Jane Does I-X and Black and White Corporations I-X, Defendants.


JAMES A. TEILBORG, District Judge.

Pending before the Court is Defendant, Bank of America's Motion to Dismiss Plaintiffs' complaint under Federal Rule of Civil Procedure 12(b)(6). (Doc. 23). The Court will grant Defendant's motion for the following reasons.


On June 6, 2012, Plaintiffs filed a complaint ("Complaint") against Defendant in state Superior Court in Pinal County. (Doc. 1-1 at 3-12). The Complaint alleged four claims against Defendant. ( Id. ). On July 3, 2012, Defendant removed this case to federal court. (Doc. 1). On February 15, 2013, Defendant filed the pending motion to dismiss requesting that the Court dismiss the Complaint with prejudice for failure to state a claim upon which relief can be granted. (Doc. 23). Plaintiffs did not file a response to Defendant's motion contesting Defendant's argument.


Local Rule of Civil Procedure 7.2(i) provides that if an "unrepresented party or counsel does not serve and file the required answering memoranda... such non-compliance may be deemed a consent to the... granting of the motion and the Court may dispose of the issue summarily." LRCiv. 7.2(i). Local Rule 7.2(c) requires responsive memoranda to be filed within fourteen (14) days after a motion is served.

"Failure to follow a district court's local rules is a proper ground for dismissal." Ghazali v. Moran, 46 F.3d 52, 53 (9th Cir. 1995) (citing United States v. Warren, 601 F.2d 471, 474 (9th Cir. 1979)). "Although we construe pleadings liberally in their favor, [even] pro se litigants are bound by the rules of procedure." Id. at 54 (citing King v. Atiyeh, 814 F.2d 565, 567 (9th Cir. 1987)). "Before dismissing the action, the district court is required to weigh several factors: (1) the public's interest in expeditious resolution of litigation; (2) the court's need to manage its docket; (3) the risk of prejudice to the [party seeking dismissal]; (4) the public policy favoring disposition of cases on their merits; and (5) the availability of less drastic sanctions.'" Id. at 53 (quoting Henderson v. Duncan, 779 F.2d 1421, 1423 (9th Cir. 1986)). "The first two of these factors favor the imposition of sanctions in most cases, while the fourth cuts against a default or dismissal sanction. Thus the key factors are prejudice and availability of lesser sanctions." Wanderer v. Johnston, 910 F.2d 652, 656 (9th Cir. 1990). The Ninth Circuit Court of Appeals "review[s] the district court's dismissal pursuant to its local rules for abuse of discretion. Only in rare cases will [the Court of Appeals] question the exercise of discretion in connection with the application of local rules.'" Sekhon v. BAC Home Loans Servicing LP, 11-57131, 2013 WL 857617, at *1 (9th Cir. Mar. 8, 2013) (quoting Ghazali, 46 F.3d at 53).

In Ghazali, the Ninth Circuit Court of Appeals upheld summary dismissal of a 42 U.S.C. ยง 1983 action for the failure to follow a Nevada district court local rule because the pro se plaintiff failed to respond to the defendant's motion to dismiss. Ghazali, 46 F.3d at 53. The Nevada rule, like Local Rule 7.2(i), considered the failure to file a response to a motion to "constitute a consent to the granting of the motion." Id. (quoting D. Nev. R. 140-6). The Court reasoned that the dismissal was proper because the pro se plaintiff was bound by the rules of procedure, and was given notice of the motion and ample time to respond. Id. at 54 (citing King , 814 F.2d at 567).

Unlike the plaintiff in Ghazali, Plaintiffs in this case are not pro se litigants and are represented by counsel. Like Ghazali, Plaintiffs in this case have not responded despite receiving notice of Defendant's motion to dismiss which was issued over six months ago. (Doc. 23). As noted in Wanderer, the first two factors-expeditious resolution and docket management-generally favor dismissal. Wanderer, 910 F.2d at 656. They weigh especially heavily here because of Plaintiffs' total failure to respond to Defendant's dispositive motion.

The third factor also favors dismissal. There is no risk of prejudice to Defendants to grant the motion.

While the public policy favoring resolution on the merits weighs against dismissal, Pagtalunan v. Galaza, 291 F.3d 639, 643 (9th Cir.2002), it is no more compelling here than it was in Ghazali. Further, in this case, Defendant asserts that dismissal would be appropriate based on various other grounds going to the merits of Plaintiffs' claims, and Plaintiffs have failed to dispute those arguments. Accordingly, this factor weighs only slightly against dismissal.

The final factor requires the Court to consider the availability of less drastic sanctions. Defendant has moved for the Court to dismiss the Complaint with prejudice. The Court could grant Defendant's motion without prejudice as a less drastic sanction. Plaintiffs are represented by counsel. Plaintiffs have also been given ample time to respond to Defendant's Motion to Dismiss or to move for an extension of time to file a response and have not done so. Thus, in weighing this last factor, the Court finds that dismissal without prejudice is the only acceptable less drastic sanction in this case.

In sum, the five-factor analysis supports dismissal of this case for failure to respond to the Motion to Dismiss. The Court's decision to grant the motion in these circumstances is further supported by the fact that it is premised upon a local rule that expressly permits the Court to summarily grant unopposed motions. Ghazali, 46 F.3d at 53 (quoting Warren, 601 F.2d at 474 ("Only in rare cases will we question the exercise of discretion in connection with the application of local rules.)). Defendant's Motion to Dismiss will therefore be granted based on Plaintiffs' failure to respond. See LRCiv 7.2(i).


Based on the foregoing,

IT IS ORDERED that Defendant's Motion to Dismiss (Doc. 23) is granted.

IT IS FURTHER ORDERED that this case is dismissed without prejudice.

IT IS FINALLY ORDERED that the Clerk of the Court shall enter judgment accordingly.

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