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State v. Molina

Court of Appeals of Arizona, First Division, Department E

September 19, 2013

STATE OF ARIZONA, Appellee,
v.
CHRISTIAN JESUS MOLINA, Appellant

Not for Publication – Rule 111, Rules of the Arizona Supreme Court.

Appeal from the Superior Court in Maricopa County Cause No. CR2009-006257-001 The Honorable Michael D. Jones, Judge.

Thomas C. Horne, Attorney General Phoenix by Joseph T. Maziarz, Section Chief Counsel, Criminal Appeals Section and Myles A. Braccio, Assistant Attorney General Attorneys for Appellee.

James J. Haas, Maricopa County Public Defender Phoenix by Joel M. Glynn, Deputy Public Defender Attorneys for Appellant.

MEMORANDUM DECISION

THUMMA, Judge.

¶1 Christian Jesus Molina appeals from a restitution order arising out of his assault conviction. Finding no error on the limited record provided, the restitution order is affirmed.

FACTS AND PROCEDURAL HISTORY

¶2 Following the beating and resulting death of G.G., Molina and his co-defendants were charged with aggravated assault (causing "serious physical injury"), a Class 3 dangerous felony.[1]The jury was instructed on aggravated assault, the lesser included offense of assault (causing "physical injury") and accomplice liability. The jury did not find Molina guilty of aggravated assault as a principal or an accomplice, but found him guilty of the lesser included offense of assault, a class 2 misdemeanor. Molina was placed on probation for one year and does not appeal from his conviction or probation grant.

¶3 At a restitution hearing, G.G.'s surviving sister testified about expenses totaling $43, 227.95 that the family incurred as a result of G.G.'s injuries and death. According to Molina's brief, that request represented expenses "incurred coming to and from court appearances; attending [G.G.'s] funeral; automobile tune-ups and tires; restaurant expenses; and lost wages for" family members attending court hearings. Although ledgers documenting these expenses apparently were received at the restitution hearing, no such exhibits were provided on appeal.

¶4 After receiving evidence and hearing argument, the superior court ordered Molina to pay $41, 921.51 in restitution, jointly and severally with his co-defendants. The court found that amount was "necessary and reasonable and must be ordered by the court pursuant to A.R.S. § 13-603(C)." The court stated medical evidence at trial (which was not provided on appeal) established that G.G. "suffered severe, life-threatening injuries . . . [that] were contributing factors to his death, " and that these injuries were due to the "concerted actions" of Molina and his co-defendants during the assault.

¶5 Molina timely appeals from the order of restitution; this court has jurisdiction pursuant to Article 6, Section 9, of the Arizona Constitution, and Arizona Revised Statutes (A.R.S.) sections 12-120.21(A)(1), 13-4031 and -4033(A)(2013).[2]

DISCUSSION

¶6 This court reviews a restitution award for an abuse of discretion, viewing all facts and reasonable inferences in the light most favorable to sustaining the award. State v. Slover, 220 Ariz. 239, 242, 4, 204 P.3d 1088, 1091 (App. 2009); State v. Lewis, 222 Ariz. 321, 323, ¶ 2, 214 P.3d 409, 411 (App. 2009). Where, as here, the appellate record is incomplete, "missing portions of the record will be presumed to support the action of the trial court." State v. Zuck, 134 Ariz. 509, 513, 658 P.2d 162, 166 (1982).

¶7 In finding Molina guilty of assault, the jury determined he physically injured G.G. Based on the evidence received, the superior court found Molina acted in concert with his co-defendants in assaulting G.G., and that while one of the co-defendants later shot G.G., the assault in which Molina participated inflicted "severe, ...


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