Court of Appeals of Arizona, First Division, Division One
Not for Publication See Ariz. R. Sup. Ct. 111(c); Ariz. R. Crim. P. 31.24
Appeal from the Superior Court in Maricopa County No. CR2008-130434-001 DT The Honorable Christopher T. Whitten, Judge
Arizona Attorney General's Office, Phoenix By Joseph T. Maziarz Counsel for Appellee
Office of the Legal Advocate, Phoenix By Frances J. Gray Counsel for Appellant
Presiding Judge Andrew W. Gould delivered the decision of the Court, in which Judge Margaret H. Downie and Judge Patricia A. Orozco joined.
¶1 Paul Hansen-Mitev ("Defendant") appeals from his conviction and sentence for child abuse, a class five felony; and resisting arrest, a class six felony. Defendant was sentenced on May 11, 2010 and filed a notice of appeal on May 28, 2010. Defendant's counsel filed a brief in accordance with Anders v. California, 386 U.S. 738 (1967), and State v. Leon, 104 Ariz. 297, 451 P.2d 878 (1969), advising this Court that after a search of the entire appellate record, no arguable ground exists for reversal. Defendant was granted leave to file a supplemental brief in propria persona on or before April 26, 2013, and did not do so.
¶2 Our obligation in this appeal is to review "the entire record for reversible error." State v. Clark, 196 Ariz. 530, 537, ¶ 30, 2 P.3d 89, 96 (App. 1999). Finding no reversible error, we affirm.
Facts and Procedural History
¶3 On May 16, 2008, Defendant was scheduled to pick up his two-year old daughter (the "Child") from her mother's family at a police station. Tensions were high during the exchange, as there had been an intense custody battle over the Child prior to this exchange, and Defendant had not seen his Child for several months. When the Child's grandfather handed her to Defendant, she began to reach back towards her grandfather. Then, as Defendant started carrying the Child to his car, she began crying. At that point, instead of placing the Child in the car, Defendant carried her into the lobby of the police station.
¶4 Eventually, Defendant sat down in the lobby of the police station holding the Child, who continued to cry. Police officers could hear the Child crying, but initially did not think much of it. However, the cries became louder and more intense, and eventually several officers went to the lobby to see what was going on. When they arrived in the lobby, the officers observed Defendant holding the Child in his lap in a bearhug. Defendant appeared agitated, and said to the officers: "This is what the Phoenix Police Department needs to see because they won't do anything." Defendant then began to squeeze the Child tighter; in response, she started to squirm and fight to get away.
¶5 At this point, an officer told Defendant to let go of the Child; in response, Defendant squeezed her even harder. After the officer again asked Defendant to let go of the Child, he eventually loosened his grip, and Child slid down between his legs. However, Defendant continued to appear agitated, and grabbed the Child around the neck with one arm while grabbing around the waist with the other arm. Soon it became apparent to the officers that the Child could not breathe due to the fact Defendant was holding her so tightly around her neck.
¶6 After seeing Child squeezed and her breathing cut off, two officers grabbed Defendant's arms in an effort to make him let go of the Child. Even with the officers holding his arms, Defendant continued to squeeze the Child with his legs. At one point, Defendant was squeezing the Child so hard with his legs that it appeared Child was having trouble breathing. Finally, an officer was able to grab Child and pull her away from Defendant.
¶7 Officers commanded Defendant to place his hands behind his back, but he refused. Officers then removed Defendant from the chair, but he continued to resist their efforts to place him under arrest. As they brought Defendant to the ground, he was kicking, knocking around chairs in the lobby, and rolling his body on the ...