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State v. Lopez

Court of Appeals of Arizona, Second Division

December 2, 2013

The State of Arizona, Respondent,
Joe Meranda Lopez, Petitioner.

Not for Publication – Rule 111(c), Rules of the Arizona Supreme Court

Petition for Review from the Superior Court in Maricopa County No. CR2007121325002DT The Honorable Teresa Sanders, Judge

William G. Montgomery, Maricopa County Attorney By Shaheen P. Torgoley, Deputy County Attorney, Phoenix Counsel for Respondent

Joe Meranda Lopez, Tucson In Propria Persona

Judge Miller authored the decision of the Court, in which Chief Judge Howard and Presiding Judge Vásquez concurred.



¶1 Petitioner Joe Lopez seeks review of the trial court's order denying his petition for post-conviction relief, filed pursuant to Rule 32, Ariz. R. Crim. P. "We will not disturb a trial court's ruling on a petition for post-conviction relief absent a clear abuse of discretion." State v. Swoopes, 216 Ariz. 390, 4, 166 P.3d 945, 948 (App. 2007). Lopez has not sustained his burden of establishing such abuse here.

¶2 After a jury trial, Lopez was convicted of burglary, unlawful flight from a law enforcement vehicle, and two counts of first-degree murder, all arising from events in which he committed a burglary, fled from police, and hit another vehicle when he ran a red light, killing its two occupants. The trial court sentenced Lopez to life imprisonment without possibility of release for twenty-five years on each murder count, 2.5 years' imprisonment for burglary, and 1.5 years for unlawful flight. The court ordered the sentences for murder and unlawful flight be served concurrently with each other, but consecutive to the burglary sentence. Lopez's convictions and sentences were affirmed on appeal, but his presentence incarceration credit was modified. State v. Lopez, No. 1 CA-CR 10-0087 (memorandum decision filed Dec. 22, 2011).

¶3 In 2012, Lopez initiated a proceeding for post- conviction relief, arguing in his petition that he had received ineffective assistance of trial counsel based on counsel's having failed "to timely disclose a key witness, " thereby "compromis[ing] his defense." The trial court summarily denied relief.

¶4 On review, Lopez essentially repeats the argument he raised below and asserts the trial court abused its discretion in dismissing his petition. As below, Lopez claims his trial counsel should have (1) provided Harry Ryon, a retired police officer who served as an accident reconstruction expert, with "all of the necessary reports to review, " (2) timely disclosed that Ryon would also testify as to whether Lopez could have heard police sirens, or (3) moved for a continuance in relation to Ryon's testimony about the sirens.

¶5 To present a colorable claim of ineffective assistance of counsel, a defendant must show that counsel's performance was deficient under prevailing professional norms and that the deficient performance prejudiced the defense. Strickland v. Washington, 466 U.S. 668, 687 (1984); State v. Ysea, 191 Ariz. 372, 15, 956 P.2d 499, 504 (1998). "A colorable claim of post-conviction relief is 'one that, if the allegations are true, might have changed the outcome.'" State v. Jackson, 209 Ariz. 13, 2, 97 P.3d 113, 114 (App. 2004), quoting State v. Runningeagle, 176 Ariz. 59, 63, 859 P.2d 169, 173 (1993). And if a defendant fails to make a sufficient showing on either element of the Strickland test, the court need not determine whether the other element was satisfied. State v. Salazar, 146 Ariz. 540, 541-42, 707 P.2d 944, 945-46 (1985).

¶6 Before trial, Lopez disclosed Ryon "as an expert in accident reconstruction and police procedure." During trial, the prosecutor informed the court that Lopez was "trying to use [Ryon] as an expert with regard to . . . sirens, and what the defendant could have heard." He objected to such testimony from Ryon because it had "never been disclosed" and he had "never heard of [Ryon] being an expert in sirens, or the speed of sound."

¶7 Trial counsel informed the court that he had not received certain interviews when the attorney who had previously represented Lopez had transferred the file to him. According to counsel, those missing interviews included statements that the officers who had pursued Lopez had turned their sirens on and off, and thus had "create[d] the whole issue of the sirens." Counsel proposed that Ryon would testify "in general" about "certain speeds and distances, " particularly high speeds, at which "sirens fade" and cannot be heard by the individual being chased. The trial court indicated it was inclined to allow Ryon to testify about the sirens generally and ordered trial counsel to give the prosecutor an opportunity to talk to Ryon during the lunch hour the next day.

¶8 The next day, the prosecutor renewed his motion to preclude Ryon from testifying about the sirens. He argued Ryon had changed his "entire opinion" since the prosecutor previously had interviewed him and was "clearly not an expert in sound and whether people could hear sound." The trial court granted the motion, and ordered that Ryon was "not permitted to discuss ...

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