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Anthony W. v. Arizona Department of Economic Security

Court of Appeals of Arizona, First Division

December 3, 2013

ANTHONY W., Appellant,

         Not for Publication – Rule 111(c), Rules of the Arizona Supreme Court

Appeal from the Superior Court in Maricopa County No. JD22885 The Honorable Cari A. Harrison, Judge

Denise L. Carroll Esq., Scottsdale By Denise Lynn Carroll Counsel for Appellant.

Arizona Attorney General's Office, Phoenix By Nicholas Chapman-Hushek Counsel for Appellees.

Judge Randall M. Howe, presiding, delivered the decision of the Court, in which Judge Samuel A. Thumma and Judge Patricia A. Orozco joined.



¶1 Anthony W. (Father) appeals the juvenile court's order finding that the Arizona Department of Economic Security (ADES) met its burden of proving the allegations of its dependency petition relating to K.A., Father's child (Child). For the following reasons, we affirm.


¶2 Father and Charlene A. (Mother) are Child's unmarried, biological parents. Child lived with Mother from birth until three years of age, when Mother abandoned her.[1] At that point, Father and his girlfriend, Bonita P. (Girlfriend), assumed Child's care. In November 2010, Father was arrested on several felony charges and has been incarcerated since his arrest.

¶3 In light of Father's incarceration and Mother's unknown whereabouts, ADES filed a petition alleging that Child was dependent. Child Protective Services (CPS) recommended that Child remain in Girlfriend's physical custody, with "appropriate medical, social, and educational authorizations." In its petition, ADES reported that Child "feels comfortable in [Girlfriend's] home and has established a routine with [Girlfriend]."

¶4 At a dependency adjudication hearing on June 6, 2013, Father testified that he could not parent Child while in custody. Father also testified that Girlfriend should serve as Child's legal guardian, stating that "as far as I'm concerned, . . . [Girlfriend] is, you know, good enough for [Child]." Girlfriend agreed and testified that she intended to become Child's guardian, but had not yet done so. Mother did not attend the hearing and has not participated in the dependency proceedings. At the close of the hearing, Father's counsel asked the court to find Child dependent.

¶5 The juvenile court found Child was a dependent child committed to the care, custody, and control of ADES. As relevant here, the court noted Father's inability to care for Child as reasons for declaring Child dependent. Finding guardianship by Girlfriend was the appropriate disposition, the court then set an initial guardianship hearing.

¶6 Notwithstanding his request that the court find Child dependent, Father filed a timely notice of appeal from that finding.


¶7 Father argues that the juvenile court erred by declaring Child dependent because the state failed to prove by a preponderance of the evidence that Child had no parent or guardian willing to exercise—or capable of exercising—such care and control.

¶8 Father is estopped from making this argument. Under the doctrine of judicial estoppel, "a party who successfully asserts a particular position in one judicial proceeding will not be allowed to assert an inconsistent position in a subsequent proceeding." Hrudka v. Hrudka, 186 Ariz. 84, 92, 919 P.2d 179, 187 (App. 1995). Three requirements must exist before a court can apply judicial estoppel: (1) the parties must be the same, (2) the question involved must be the same, and (3) the party asserting the inconsistent position must have been successful in the prior judicial proceeding. State v. Towery, 186 Ariz. 168, 182, 920 P.2d 290, 304 (Ariz. 1996) ("Prior success is a prerequisite to the application of judicial estoppel because absent judicial acceptance of the prior position, there is no risk of inconsistent results.").

¶9 The requirements for applying judicial estoppel have been fully satisfied. First, the parties on appeal are the same as the parties that appeared before the juvenile court. Second, the question presented at the dependency adjudication hearing is the same as the question presented on appeal: should Child be declared dependent? The third requirement is also satisfied because Father's counsel successfully requested that the juvenile court find Child dependent, arguing: "And Judge, we would ask you to find a dependency so the State can proceed to do the guardianship they want to do . . . ." Because Father was successful in his request for dependency in the proceeding below, he is estopped from asserting an inconsistent position on appeal. [2]


¶10 For the foregoing reasons, we affirm the juvenile court's dependency order.

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