December 11, 2013
Brian G. Phillips, Plaintiff,
Salt River Police Department, et al., Defendants.
DAVID G. CAMPBELL, District Judge.
Pro se Plaintiff has filed an application to proceed in forma pauperis ("IFP") without prepaying fees or costs. Doc. 5. The Court will deny the motion without prejudice. The Court will screen Plaintiff's complaint pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 1915(e)(2) before it is allowed to be served. Pursuant to that screening, Plaintiff's complaint (Doc. 1) will be dismissed.
I. Legal Standard.
In IFP proceedings, a district court "shall dismiss the case at any time if the court determines that... the action... fails to state a claim on which relief can be granted[.]" 28 U.S.C. § 1915(e)(2). Although much of section 1915 concerns prisoner litigation, section 1915(e) applies to all IFP proceedings. Lopez v. Smith, 203 F.3d 1122, 1126 n. 7 (9th Cir. 2000) (en banc). "Section 1915(e) (2)(B)(ii)... allows a district court to dismiss[ ] sua sponte... a complaint that fails to state a claim[.]" Id. at 1130. A district court dismissing under section 1915(e)(2)(B)(ii) "should grant leave to amend even if no request to amend the pleading was made, unless it determines that the pleading could not possibly be cured by the allegation of other facts." Id. at 1127-29 (citations omitted).
Rule 8 of the Federal Rules of Civil Procedure provides that "[a] pleading that states a claim for relief must contain... a short and plain statement of the claim showing that the pleader is entitled to relief." Fed.R.Civ.P. 8(a). This short and plain statement "need not contain detailed factual allegations; rather, it must plead enough facts to state a claim to relief that is plausible on its face.'" Clemens v. DaimlerChrysler Corp., 534 F.3d 1017, 1022 (9th Cir. 2008) (quoting Bell Atl. Corp. v. Twombly, 550 U.S. 544, 570 (2007)). Legal conclusions couched as factual allegations are not given a presumption of truthfulness and "conclusory allegations of law and unwarranted inferences are not sufficient." Pareto v. F.D.I.C., 139 F.3d 696, 699 (9th Cir. 1998). Dismissal is appropriate where the complaint lacks a cognizable legal theory, lacks sufficient facts alleged under a cognizable legal theory, or contains allegations disclosing some absolute defense or bar to recovery. See Balistreri v. Pacifica Police Dept., 901 F.2d 696, 699 (9th Cir. 1988); Weisbuch v. County of L.A., 119 F.3d 778, 783, n.1 (9th Cir. 1997).
II. Plaintiff's Complaint.
The complaint in this case names the Salt River Police Department, Maricopa County Sheriff's Department, Salt River Casino, and Bureau of Indian Affairs as Defendants. Doc. 1. The complaint alleges "police misconduct, " "false arrest, " that Plaintiff's vehicle was searched without probable cause, that his vehicle was "illegally confiscated, " that his vehicle is being "driven by an agent of the defendant, Salt River Police Department, illegally, " and that his "civil and due to process rights" were violated. These allegations, however, are merely legal conclusions and Plaintiff has not pled any facts from which the Court could reasonably infer misconduct on the part of any defendant. Plaintiff has named the Maricopa County Sheriff's Office as a Defendant but merely alleges that it has engaged in conduct similar to the conduct Plaintiff seems to complain about. Plaintiff alleges that a security guard at the Casino stopped him for smoking marijuana, but Plaintiff does not explain the basis for the Casino's liability, nor does Plaintiff allege that the casino is a separate jural entity subject to suit. Plaintiff does not include any further description of how his rights were violated.
"Threadbare recitals of the elements of a cause of action, supported by mere conclusory statements, do not suffice" to state a claim for which relief can be granted under Rule 8. Ashcroft v. Iqbal, 556 U.S. 662, 678 (2009) (citation omitted). Without any facts that "plausibly give rise to an entitlement to relief" ( id. at 679), Plaintiff's complaint fails to state a claim for which relief can be granted.
III. Leave to Amend and Plaintiff's Obligations.
In this circuit, "[a] pro se litigant must be given leave to amend his or her complaint unless it is absolutely clear that the deficiencies of the complaint could not be cured by amendment." Karim-Panahi v. L.A. Police Dep't, 839 F.2d 621, 623 (9th Cir. 1988). The Court will dismiss the complaint without prejudice and allow Plaintiff to file an amended complaint that properly states a claim for relief. Plaintiff shall have until January 6, 2013 to file an amended complaint. If an amended complaint is not filed by that date, the Clerk is directed to terminate this action without further order.
Plaintiff is advised that he must become familiar with, and follow, the Federal Rules of Civil Procedure and the Rules of the United States District Court for the District of Arizona ("Local Rules"), which may be obtained in the Clerk of Court's office. For purposes of the amended complaint, Plaintiff is directed to Rule 8 of the Federal Rules of Civil Procedure. Rule 8(a) provides that a complaint "must contain (1) a short and plain statement of the grounds for the court's jurisdiction... (2) a short and plain statement of the claim showing that the pleader is entitled to relief, and (3) a demand for the relief sought." Fed.R.Civ.P. 8(a). These pleading requirements shall be set forth in separate and discrete paragraphs. Rule 8(d) provides that each such paragraph "must be simple, concise, and direct." Fed.R.Civ.P. 8(d)(1).
The "short and plain statement of the claim" required by Rule 8(a)(2) must not only designate a cause of action, but must also include enough factual allegations to render the claim plausible. If Plaintiff chooses to file an amended complaint asserting constitutional violations by federal or state officials, his pleading should include a statement of the constitutional rights Plaintiff believes to have been violated, how each right was violated, how each defendant contributed to the violation, and what injury was caused by each alleged constitutional violation. Such factual allegations must provide enough information to "allow[ ] the court to draw the reasonable inference that the defendant[s are] liable for the misconduct alleged." Iqbal, 556 U.S. at 678.
If Plaintiff fails to prosecute this action or to comply with the rules or any Court order, the Court may dismiss the action with prejudice pursuant to Federal Rule of Civil Procedure 41(b). See Ferdik v. Bonzelet, 963 F.2d 1258, 1260-61 (9th Cir. 1992) (holding that the district court did not abuse its discretion in dismissing a pro se plaintiff's complaint for failing to comply with a court order).
IT IS ORDERED:
1. Plaintiff's request for IFP status (Doc. 5) is denied without prejudice. Plaintiff may refile his request for IFP status if he files an amended complaint.
2. Plaintiff's complaint (Doc. 1) is dismissed without prejudice.
3. Plaintiff shall have until January 6, 2013, to file an amended complaint.
4. The Clerk of Court shall terminate this action without further order of the Court if Plaintiff fails to file an amended complaint by January 6, 2013.