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Young v. Colvin

United States District Court, Ninth Circuit

January 13, 2014

Carla G. Young, Plaintiff,
Carolyn W. Colvin, Commissioner of Social Security, Defendant.


STEPHEN M. McNAMEE, Senior District Judge.

Pending before the Court is Plaintiff's Motion for Attorney's Fees pursuant to 42 U.S.C. § 406(b). (Doc. 35.) Plaintiff's motion is unopposed by Defendant. The Court will grant Plaintiff's motion.


Plaintiff originally filed applications for a period of disability and disability insurance benefits under Title II of the Social Security Act before the Commissioner of Social Security. Plaintiff's Title II application was denied initially and again on reconsideration. Plaintiff's application was then denied by an Administrative Law Judge ("ALJ"). The Appeals Council denied Plaintiff's request for review. Counsel filed a complaint with this Court on March 23, 2011. (Doc. 1.) Plaintiff and counsel entered into a fee agreement for counsel's work before the Court. (Doc. 35-1.) The agreement provides that counsel will be paid 25% of any past due benefits which Plaintiff may be awarded.

On June 13, 2012, the Court reversed the Commissioner's decision and remanded Plaintiff's claim for further proceedings. (Doc. 27). On November 6, 2012, the Court awarded attorney's fees to Plaintiff in the amount of $7, 024.95 under the Equal Access to Justice Act ("EAJA"). (Doc. 34.) On remand before the Commissioner, Plaintiff was awarded $82, 073.00 in past due benefits on October 23, 2013. (Doc. 35-1.) Plaintiff's counsel now moves for fees pursuant to his contingency fee agreement.

Legal Standard

Section 406(b) provides that whenever the Court renders a favorable judgment to a social security claimant, the Court can award reasonable attorney's fees for representation of the claimant. 42 U.S.C. § 406(b)(1)(A). The reasonable fee cannot exceed twenty-five percent of the total past-due benefits awarded to the claimant. Id . The fee is payable out of, and not in addition to, the amount of the past-due benefits. Id . Section 406(b) "does not displace contingent-fee agreements as the primary means by which fees are set for successfully representing Social Security benefits claimants in court. Rather, § 406(b) calls for court review of such arrangements as an independent check, to assure that they yield reasonable results in particular cases." Gisbrecht v. Barnhart , 535 U.S. 789, 807 (2002). The Supreme Court stated that "Congress has provided one boundary line: Agreements are unenforceable to the extent that they provide for fees exceeding 25 percent of the past-due benefits." Id . Therefore, the Court must ensure the fee is 1) reasonable, and 2) limited to 25 percent of past-due benefits.

This Court must first "respect the primacy of lawful attorney-client fee agreements." Crawford v. Astrue , 586 F.3d 1142, 1150 (9th Cir. 2009) (en banc) (internal quotations omitted). While looking first to this agreement, this Court must still test the resulting award for reasonableness. Id. at 1149. In other words, "the district court must first look to the fee agreement and then adjust downward if the attorney provided substandard representation or delayed the case, or if the requested fee would result in a windfall." Id. at 1151. In considering reasonableness this Court should consider the following non-exhaustive factors: the character of the representation, the results achieved, performance, delay, whether the benefits were proportionate to the time spent on the case, and, as an aid if necessary, the lodestar calculation. Id.


Plaintiff and her counsel had a contingent-fee agreement in this case typical of fee agreements in disability benefit cases. The contingent-fee agreement provides that Plaintiff agrees to pay to counsel as his attorney's fee 25% of any past due benefits which Plaintiff or her family receives from Plaintiff's Social Security Disability Claim. (Doc. 35-1.) Plaintiff was awarded $82, 073.00 in past due benefits. (Doc. 35.) Twenty-five percent of this award is $20, 518.25. Plaintiff's counsel requests that he be paid the contingency fee agreed upon between he and his client, $20, 518.25. (Doc. 35.)

Upon review of the case file, the Court finds that counsel's prosecution of this action fell within the broad range of competent representation. The Court finds no reason to reduce the award based on the quality of the representation. Neither did counsel engage in unreasonable delay. In cases of this type, the Ninth Circuit sitting en banc has approved effective hourly rates of $519, $875, and $902 without finding that they are unreasonable. See Crawford , 586 F.3d at 1153. In this case, given the offset from the EAJA recovery for which Plaintiff will receive a credit, counsel's effective hourly rate is $367.66, a 16.44% contingency fee. The Court finds that $20, 518.25 is a reasonable amount.

Accordingly, based on the foregoing,

IT IS HEREBY ORDERED granting Plaintiff's Motion for Attorney's Fees pursuant to 42 U.S.C. § 406(b). (Doc. 35.) Counsel is awarded $20, 518.25 less the $7, 024.95 previously awarded under the EAJA resulting in a net award of $13, 493.30.

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