CINDY K. JORGENSON, District Judge.
Pending before the Court is Plaintiff's Motion for Award of Costs and Attorneys' Fees (Doc. 20).
Plaintiff J & J Sports Productions, Inc., ("J & J Sports") filed a Complaint in this Court on May 4, 2013. J & J Sports alleged Defendants Luis Hector Margaillan ("Margaillan") and Lamco Enterprises, LLC ("Lamco") violated 47 U.S.C. § 605 by their unauthorized publication or use of communications (i.e., the transmission of the Floyd Mayweather, Jr. v. Miguel Cotto, WBA Super World Light Middleweight Championship Fight Program ("the Program")) for which J & J Sports had the distributing rights. J & J Sports also alleged Margaillan and Lamco violated 47 U.S.C. § 553 by their unauthorized interceptions, reception, publication, divulgence, display, and/or exhibition of the Program.
The Clerk of Court entered default on September 11, 2013 (Docs. 11 and 13). On December 18, 2013, this Court granted J & J Sports' Motion for Default Judgment; Default Judgment was entered.
J & J Sports requests an award of costs and attorneys' fees based on the entry of default judgment (Doc. 20).
Motion for Award of Costs and Attorneys' Fees (Doc. 20)
J & J Sports requests an award of costs and attorneys' fees based on the entry of default judgment. J & J Sports Court's entry of default judgment, claiming it is the prevailing party for purposes of such an award. (ECF No. 15.)
Generally, prevailing parties do not recover attorneys' fees unless there is some statutory or other exception to the American rule. Middle Mountain Land and Produce Inc. v. Sound Commodities Inc., 307 F.3d 1220, 1225 (9th Cir. 2002) (citing Alyeska Pipeline Serv. Co. v. Wilderness Soc'y, 421 U.S. 240, 257-59 (1975). 47 U.S.C. § 605 provides an exception to the American rule.
Under 47 U.S.C. § 605, the Court "shall direct the recovery of full costs, including awarding reasonable attorneys' fees to an aggrieved party who prevails." 47 U.S.C. § 605(e)(3)(B)(iii). A "person aggrieved" includes "any person with proprietary rights in the intercepted communication by wire or radio[, ]" 47 U.S.C. § 605(d)(6), or whose rights to a communications service have been violated by unauthorized interception or receipt of the service, 47 U.S.C. § 553(a). See also J & J Sports Prods., Inc. v. Rezdndiz, No. 08 C 4121, 2008 WL 5211288, at *2 (N.D.Ill.Dec. 9, 2008) (holding that, under 47 U.S.C. § 553, "it is clearly possible for non-cable operators to be aggrieved' as a result of unauthorized interception").
"Courts consistently confirm that a party in whose favor judgment is rendered is generally the prevailing party for purposes of awarding costs under Rule 54(d).'" San Diego Police Officers' Ass'n v. San Diego City Employee's Ret. Sys., 568 F.3d 725, 741 (9th Cir. 2009). A plaintiff, therefore, who obtains a default judgment may be considered a prevailing party for purposes of awarding fees and costs under § 605. See J & J Sports Prods., Inc. v. Miranda, No. C 09-1037 SI, 2009 WL 3837273 (N.D.Cal. Nov.16, 2009).
J & J Sports has prevailed on its claim for violation of 47 U.S.C. § 605 by obtaining a default judgment. J & J Sports is, therefore, entitled to an award of its costs and an award of reasonable attorneys' fees. J & J Sports seeks $1, 500.00 in costs - however, the Bill of Costs submitted by J & J Sports states the costs as $1, 450.00.
J & J Sports' costs include the filing fee ($400.00), and service-of-process charges ($425.00). The Court finds these costs are allowable by law and necessarily incurred.
J & J Sports also lists investigative expenses in the amount of $625.00. J & J Sports seeks this cost pursuant to LRCiv 54.1. The Local Rule lists the items that may be taxed, including "[o]ther items... with prior Court approval." J & J Sports does not assert it "obtained prior court approval to tax its investigator fees or expenses." J & J Sports Productions, Inc. v. Mosqueda, No. ...