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Nelson v. Target Corporation

United States District Court, D. Arizona

April 9, 2014

Kathleen Ann Nelson, Plaintiff,
Target Corporation, a foreign corporation, Defendant.


LAWRENCE O. ANDERSON, Magistrate Judge.

This case arises on Plaintiff Kathleen Ann Nelson's Motion Continuing the Case on the Inactive Calendar, [1] filed on April 7, 2014, asserting that, due to her "severely limited mobility, " she is "unable to drive more than a few (3-4 miles) [sic] and can only walk short distances, " and cannot "defend [her] positions in the amended complaint." (Doc. 14 at 1) Defendant Target Corporation opposes the Motion on several grounds. (Doc. 15) As an accommodation to Plaintiff, however, Target indicates it is amenable to Plaintiff's participation via telephone at the upcoming Rule 16 scheduling conference set for April 18, 2014. ( Id. at 3)

I. Background

This pro se tort action was initially filed in the Maricopa County Superior Court on November 15, 2013, nearly five months ago, and then removed to this District Court on December 11, 2013. (Doc. 1) To date, the Court has not conducted the Rule 16 scheduling conference because Plaintiff, who is unrepresented, has moved for its continuance and, according to defense counsel, Plaintiff had not fully cooperated by participating in a Rule 26(f) case management conference via in person or by telephone. (Docs. 9, 15)

Federal Rule of Civil Procedure 26(f) and the Court's January 22, 2014 Order mandate that the parties "[m]eet and confer, at least 14 days, before the scheduling conference as required by Rule 26(f), Fed.R.Civ.P." and submit a joint Case Management Report "not less than five calendar days, " before the Rule 16 scheduling conference. (Doc. 8 at 5-7) (emphasis in original). A Rule 16 scheduling conference was initially scheduled for February 20, 2014, but it was continued to Friday, April 18, 2014 at 10:30 a.m., because Plaintiff filed a continuance motion on February 13, 2014, claiming she received the Court's January 22, 2014 Order on February 12, 2014, which was five days after the February 7, 2014 deadline for Plaintiff to file an amended complaint. (Docs. 8, 10-11) Plaintiff claimed the U.S. Postal Service "misdelivered the packet of orders to a non-resident neighbor" and "Plaintiff is limited in mobility and ability to drive to retain counsel[.]" (Doc. 9) The amended complaint was due on or before Friday, February 7, 2014 to prevent dismissal of this action without prejudice, but it was not filed until March13, 2014 yet the action was not dismissed as the Court credited as true Plaintiff's explanation for the untimely filing.

II. Duty to Prosecute Case

A plaintiff has the general duty to prosecute her case. See Ponce v. Arpaio, 2007 WL 1077135, at *1 (D. Ariz. April 6, 2007) (citing Fidelity Philadelphia Trust Co. v. Pioche Mines Consolidated, Inc., 587 F.2d 27, 29 (9th Cir. 1978)). Rule 41(b), Fed.R.Civ.P., permits involuntary dismissal of an action "[i]f the plaintiff fails to prosecute or to comply with [the federal procedural] rules or a court order." See also Link v. Wabash Railroad Co., 370 U.S. 626, 629-30 (1962) (district court's authority to dismiss for lack of prosecution is necessary to prevent undue delays in the disposition of pending cases and avoid congestion in district court calendars); Ferdik v. Bonzelet, 963 F.2d 1258, 1260 (9th Cir. 1992) (district court may dismiss action for failure to comply with any order of the court). "The courts have read this rule to require prosecution with reasonable diligence' if a plaintiff is to avoid dismissal." Anderson v. Air West, Inc., 542 F.2d 522, 524 (9th Cir. 1976) (citations omitted). "[T]he failure to prosecute diligently is sufficient by itself to justify a dismissal, even in the absence of a showing of actual prejudice to the defendant from the failure." Id. (citations omitted). "The law presumes injury from unreasonable delay." Id. A rebuttable presumption of prejudice to defendants arises when there is a failure to prosecute diligently. In re Eisen, 31 F.3d 1447, 1452-53 (9th Cir. 1994). This presumption may be rebutted where a plaintiff proffers an excuse for delay. See Lauino v. Syringa Gen. Hosp., 279 F.3d 750, 753 (9th Cir. 2002). A district court has the inherent power to dismiss a case sua sponte for lack of prosecution. See Henderson v. Duncan, 779 F.2d 1421, 1423 (9th Cir. 1986) (citing Ash v. Cvetkov, 739 F.2d 493, 496 (9th Cir. 1984) (citing Link, 370 U.S. at 630). In Link, the Supreme Court recognized that a federal district court has the inherent power to dismiss a case sua sponte for failure to prosecute, even though the language of Rule 41(b) of the Federal Rules of Civil Procedure appears to require a motion from a party. 370 U.S. at 633; see also Hells Canyon Pres. Council v. U.S. Forest Serv., 403 F.3d 683, 689 (9th Cir. 2005) (district court may dismiss under Rule 41(b) for failure to prosecute or comply with rules of civil procedure or the court's orders). A dismissal pursuant to Rule 41(b) is committed to the sound discretion of the district court. See Link, 370 U.S. at 633.

III. Discussion

The Court has been extremely patient and accommodating with pro se Plaintiff without any adverse consequence in dealing with multiple issues to date, e.g., her unauthorized practice of law, the real-party-in-interest issue, her filing an untimely amended complaint, and the additional delay in conducting a case management conference. While complaints filed by pro se litigants are held to "less stringent standards than formal pleadings drafted by lawyers[, ]" Haines v. Kerner, 404 U.S. 519, 520 (1972), pro se litigants must comply with all procedural and local rules. See McNeil v. United States, 508 U.S. 106, 113 (1993) ("we have never suggested that procedural rules in ordinary civil litigation should be interpreted so as to excuse mistakes by those who proceed without counsel."); Carter v. Commissioner of Internal Revenue, 784 F.2d 1006, 1008 (9th Cir. 1986); King v. Atiyeh, 814 F.2d 56, 567 (9th Cir. 1987) ("Pro se litigants must follow the same rules of procedure that govern other litigants."); Albra v. Advan, Inc., 490 F.3d 826, 829 (11th Cir. 2007) (explaining that "we are to give liberal construction to the pleadings of pro se litigants, " but that "we nevertheless have required them to conform to procedural rules") (citation omitted); Local Rule ("LRCiv") 83.1(1). A pro se litigant's status does not entitle pro se litigants to special treatment not given to represented parties, nor does it exempt them from compliance with the Federal Rule of Civil Procedure, Local Rules, or the orders of this Court. See Brock v. Hendershott, 840 F.2d 339, 342-43 (6th Cir. 1988) ("[w]hen a person... chooses to represent h[er]self, [s]he should expect no special treatment which prefers h[er] over others who are represented by attorneys."). "There is no authority for the contention that pro se litigants are entitled to a more lenient application of substantive law." Wolfel v. United States, 711 F.2d 66, 67 (6th Cir. 1983). "In fact, it is the very essence of the equal protection guarantee of the Fifth and Fourteenth Amendments that once an indigent... is brought within the ambit [of the court's power], ... the protections and procedures required [by law] to be extended to all other litigants may not be conditioned upon his financial means.'" Id. (quoting Lecates v. Justice of the Peace Court No. 4, 637 F.2d 898, 908 (3rd Cir. 1980) (citations omitted).

The Court recognizes that the ruling on the pending motion may be viewed by some as harsh. Nevertheless, Plaintiff voluntarily elected to file this action and represent herself. A federal judge is duty-bound to remain neutral, treat individuals or legal entities fairly, impartially, and equally, regardless of economic status. See United States v. Petersen, 2009 WL 3428896, at *1 (D. Minn. Oct. 16, 2009) (A federal judge "[i]s duty bound to administer justice in a fair and impartial manner to all parties equally-in short, to serve as a neutral arbiter between the opposing parties.") (citing federal judicial oath at 28 U.S.C. ยง 453). In Marshall v. Jerrico, Inc., 446 U.S. 238, 242 (1980), the Supreme Court recognized that "[the Due Process Clause entitles a person to an impartial and disinterested tribunal in both civil and criminal cases." "This requirement of neutrality in adjudicative proceedings" serves dual interests of equal importance, as "it preserves both the appearance and reality of fairness, generating the feeling, so important to a popular government, that justice has been done, ... by ensuring that no person will be deprived of h[er] interests in the absence of a proceeding in which [s]he may present h[er] case with assurance that the arbiter is not predisposed to find against h[er]." Id. (citations omitted).

In the exercise of the Court's wide discretion to control and fairly manage its heavy caseload, Plaintiff's motion will be denied.

Based on the foregoing,

IT IS ORDERED that Plaintiff Kathleen Ann Nelson's Motion Continuing the Case on the Inactive Calendar, doc. 14, is DENIED. If Plaintiff fails to appear at the April 18, 2014 scheduling conference, either physically or telephonically, this action will be dismissed ...

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