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Mulugeta v. Price

United States District Court, D. Arizona

May 9, 2014

Micael Yemane Mulugeta, Plaintiff,
v.
C. Price, et al., Defendants.

ORDER

STEPHEN M. McNAMEE, District Judge.

Plaintiff Micael Yemane Mulugeta, who is confined in the Maricopa County Fourth Avenue Jail, has filed a pro se civil rights Complaint pursuant to 42 U.S.C. § 1983 (Doc. 1) and an Application to Proceed In Forma Pauperis (Doc. 2). The Court will dismiss this action.

I. Application to Proceed In Forma Pauperis and Filing Fee

Plaintiff's Application to Proceed In Forma Pauperis will be granted. 28 U.S.C. § 1915(a). Plaintiff must pay the statutory filing fee of $350.00. 28 U.S.C. § 1915(b)(1). The Court will not assess an initial partial filing fee. Id. The statutory filing fee will be collected monthly in payments of 20% of the previous month's income credited to Plaintiff's trust account each time the amount in the account exceeds $10.00. 28 U.S.C. § 1915(b)(2). The Court will enter a separate Order requiring the appropriate government agency to collect and forward the fees according to the statutory formula.

II. Statutory Screening of Prisoner Complaints

The Court is required to screen complaints brought by prisoners seeking relief against a governmental entity or an officer or an employee of a governmental entity. 28 U.S.C. § 1915A(a). The Court must dismiss a complaint or portion thereof if a plaintiff has raised claims that are legally frivolous or malicious, that fail to state a claim upon which relief may be granted, or that seek monetary relief from a defendant who is immune from such relief. 28 U.S.C. § 1915A(b)(1), (2).

A pleading must contain a "short and plain statement of the claim showing that the pleader is entitled to relief." Fed.R.Civ.P. 8(a)(2) (emphasis added). While Rule 8 does not demand detailed factual allegations, "it demands more than an unadorned, the-defendant-unlawfully-harmed-me accusation." Ashcroft v. Iqbal, 556 U.S. 662, 678 (2009). "Threadbare recitals of the elements of a cause of action, supported by mere conclusory statements, do not suffice." Id.

"[A] complaint must contain sufficient factual matter, accepted as true, to state a claim to relief that is plausible on its face.'" Id. (quoting Bell Atlantic Corp. v. Twombly, 550 U.S. 544, 570 (2007)). A claim is plausible "when the plaintiff pleads factual content that allows the court to draw the reasonable inference that the defendant is liable for the misconduct alleged." Id. "Determining whether a complaint states a plausible claim for relief [is]... a context-specific task that requires the reviewing court to draw on its judicial experience and common sense." Id. at 679. Thus, although a plaintiff's specific factual allegations may be consistent with a constitutional claim, a court must assess whether there are other "more likely explanations" for a defendant's conduct. Id. at 681.

But as the United States Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit has instructed, courts must "continue to construe pro se filings liberally." Hebbe v. Pliler, 627 F.3d 338, 342 (9th Cir. 2010). A "complaint [filed by a pro se prisoner] must be held to less stringent standards than formal pleadings drafted by lawyers.'" Id. (quoting Erickson v. Pardus, 551 U.S. 89, 94 (2007) ( per curiam )).

If the Court determines that a pleading could be cured by the allegation of other facts, a pro se litigant is entitled to an opportunity to amend a complaint before dismissal of the action. See Lopez v. Smith, 203 F.3d 1122, 1127-29 (9th Cir. 2000) ( en banc ). The Court should not, however, advise the litigant how to cure the defects. This type of advice "would undermine district judges' role as impartial decisionmakers." Pliler v. Ford, 542 U.S. 225, 231 (2004); see also Lopez, 203 F.3d at 1131 n.13 (declining to decide whether the court was required to inform a litigant of deficiencies). Plaintiff's Complaint will be dismissed for failure to state a claim, without leave to amend because the defects cannot be corrected.

III. Complaint

In his three-count Complaint, Plaintiff sues the following Defendants: Maricopa County Sheriff's Office Intake Sergeant C. Price and Maricopa County Superior Court Commissioner Ronald J. Stien.

In Count One, Plaintiff alleges that he was denied his Sixth Amendment right to a fair and impartial jury of his peers. Plaintiff contends that Defendant Price engaged in "extreme extreme misconduct" when he "stood, pointed, and made discriminating, prejudicial, and bias[ed] statements." Specifically, Plaintiff claims Defendant Price stated that he was a Maricopa County Sheriff's Office sergeant, that he worked at the maximum security facility at the Fourth Avenue Jail, and that he knew Plaintiff from "having interactions with him." Plaintiff contends this was done to mislead people to have a negative impression of Plaintiff. Plaintiff alleges that Defendant Stien did not dismiss the entire jury pool and that allowing the potential jurors to hear this statement deprived Plaintiff of a "fair opportunity" and a jury of his peers.

In Count Two, Plaintiff alleges that he was denied his Fourth Amendment right "securing saf[et]y of papers." Plaintiff contends that his legal paperwork was withheld from him. Specifically, he claims he was told that his legal paperwork had been given to Defendant Price, but his legal paperwork was not provided to him and he attended jury selection and his trial without his legal paperwork. He claims that "the acts leading to the conviction or ...


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