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Harris v. Ryan

United States District Court, D. Arizona

February 13, 2015

Shaun Michael Harris, Petitioner,
v.
Charles L. Ryan, et al., Respondents.

ORDER

DIANE J. HUMETEWA, District Judge.

This matter is before the Court on Petitioner's Petition for Writ of Habeas Corpus pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 2254 (Doc. 1) and the Report and Recommendation ("R&R") issued by United States Magistrate Judge Michelle H. Burns (Doc. 32). The Petition asserts seven grounds for relief. After a thorough analysis, Judge Burns made the following determinations. As to ground one, alleging a Fourth Amendment violation based upon the search and seizure of Petitioner's cell phone, Judge Burns found that it was not cognizable on federal habeas review because Petitioner had a full and fair opportunity to litigate that constitutional claim in the Arizona state courts. Judge Burns likewise found that Petitioner did not state a basis for federal habeas review with respect to grounds two, five and six because each "challenge[d] the state court's application of the Arizona Rules of Evidence and Arizona's statutory sentencing scheme[, ]" rather than alleging federal constitutional or statutory violations. Pet. (Doc. 32) at 8:6-7.

Petitioner's remaining grounds, three, four and seven, Judge Burns found, failed on the merits. In each, Petitioner alleged that he received ineffective assistance of counsel ("IAC") for a variety of reasons. As Judge Burns soundly reasoned, "[b]ecause Petitioner has not demonstrated that trial counsel's performance was deficient or that he was prejudiced as a result, the state court's rejection of Ground Three was not an unreasonable application of Strickland [v. Washington, 466 U.S. 668 (1984)]." Pet. (Doc. 32) at 13:12-14. Judge Burns also found grounds four and seven to be without merit because Plaintiff did not carry his burden under Strickland.

In recommending denial of the Petition and dismissal with prejudice, Judge Burns expressly advised the parties that they had fourteen days to file objections and that the failure to file timely objections "may result in the acceptance of the [R & R] by the district court without further review." Pet. (Doc. 32) at 16:1-2) (citing United States v. Reyna-Tapia, 328 F.3d 1114, 1121 (9th Cir. 2003)). She further advised the parties that "[f]ailure timely to file objections to any factual determinations of the Magistrate Judge will be will be considered a waiver of a party's right to appellate review of the findings of fact in an order or judgment entered pursuant to the Magistrate Judge's recommendation." (Id. at 16:3-6) (citing Rule 72, Federal Rules of Civil Procedure).

The parties have not filed objections and the time to do so has expired. Absent any objections, the Court is not required to review the findings and recommendations in the R&R. See Thomas v. Arn, 474 U.S. 140, 149 (1989) (The relevant provision of the Federal Magistrates Act, 28 U.S.C. § 636(b)(1)(C), "does not on its face require any review at all... of any issue that is not the subject of an objection."); Reyna-Tapia, 328 F.3d at 1121 (same); Fed.R.Civ.P. 72(b)(3) ("The district judge must determine de novo any part of the magistrate judge's disposition that has been properly objected to.").

Nonetheless, the Court has reviewed the R&R and agrees with its findings and recommendations. The Court will, therefore, accept the R&R, deny the Petition and dismiss this matter with prejudice. See 28 U.S.C. § 636(b)(1)(C) ("A judge of the court may accept, reject, or modify, in whole or in part, the findings or recommendations made by the magistrate judge."); Fed.R.Civ.P. 72(b)(3) (same).

Accordingly,

IT IS ORDERED ACCEPTING AND ADOPTING as an order of this Court Magistrate Judge Burns' R&R (Doc. 32).

IT IS FURTHER ORDERED DENYING AND DISMISSING WITH PREJUDICE the Petition for Writ of Habeas Corpus pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 2254 (Doc. 1).

IT IS FURTHER ORDERED that pursuant to Rule 11(a) of the Rules Governing Section 2254 Cases, a Certificate of Appealability and leave to proceed in forma pauperis on appeal are DENIED because Petitioner has not made a substantial showing of the denial of a constitutional right.

IT IS FINALLY ORDERED that the Clerk of Court shall terminate this action and enter judgment accordingly.


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