United States District Court, D. Arizona
David G. Campbell United States District Judge
Plaintiff Cathleen Matthews seeks review under 42 U.S.C. § 405(g) of the final decision of the Commissioner of Social Security which denied her disability insurance benefits and supplemental security income under sections 216(i), 223(d), and 1614(a)(3)(A) of the Social Security Act. Doc. 11. The parties agree that the ALJ’s decision contains reversible error. The Commissioner asks the Court to remand for further proceedings, Doc. 12, while Matthews asks the Court to remand for an award of benefits, Docs. 11, 13. The Court will remand for further proceedings.
Matthews is a 58-year-old female who previously worked as a certified nurse assistant. A.R. 20. She applied for disability insurance benefits and supplemental security income on March 26, 2014. A.R. 9. On November 4, 2015, the ALJ issued a decision that Matthews was not disabled within the meaning of the Social Security Act. A.R. 9-22. The decision applied the five-step evaluation process set forth at 20 C.F.R. § 404.1520(a)(4). At step one, the ALJ found that Matthews met the insured status requirements of the Social Security Act through June 30, 2016, and that she had not engaged in substantial gainful activity since the alleged onset date. A.R. 11. At step two, the ALJ found that Matthews had the following severe impairments: left knee medial meniscus tear and depression. Id. At step three, the ALJ determined that Matthews did not have an impairment or combination of impairments that met or medically equaled an impairment listed in Appendix 1 to Subpart P of 20 C.F.R. Pt. 404. A.R. 12. At step four, the ALJ found that Matthews had the residual functional capacity to perform:
medium work as defined in 20 CFR 404.1567(c) and 416.967(c) except that she can never climb ladders, ropes, or scaffolds, but can occasionally climb ramps and stairs. She can frequently balance, stoop, and crouch, and occasionally kneel and crawl. She must avoid concentrated exposure to extreme heat, fumes, odors, dusts, gases, and poor ventilation, hazardous machinery, and unprotected heights. She is capable of completing and sustaining simple work at a minimal level of social interaction required in a work setting. She has limitations in working with the general public. She can work in coordination with and in proximity to others without being distracted by them.
A.R. 14. The ALJ found Matthews unable to perform any of her past relevant work. A.R. 20. At step five, the ALJ concluded that, considering Matthews’s age, education, work experience, and residual functional capacity, there were jobs existing in significant numbers in the national economy that she could perform, including hand packager and hospital cleaner. A.R. 21. The Appeals Council denied Matthews’s request for review, making the ALJ’s decision the Commissioner’s final decision. A.R. 1.
II. Legal Standard.
The district court reviews only those issues raised by the party challenging the ALJ’s decision. See Lewis v. Apfel, 236 F.3d 503, 517 n.13 (9th Cir. 2001). The court may set aside the Commissioner’s disability determination only if the determination is not supported by substantial evidence or is based on legal error. Orn v. Astrue, 495 F.3d 625, 630 (9th Cir. 2007). Substantial evidence is more than a scintilla, less than a preponderance, and relevant evidence that a reasonable person might accept as adequate to support a conclusion considering the record as a whole. Id. In determining whether substantial evidence supports a decision, the court must consider the record as a whole and may not affirm simply by isolating a “specific quantum of supporting evidence.” Id. As a general rule, “[w]here the evidence is susceptible to more than one rational interpretation, one of which supports the ALJ’s decision, the ALJ’s conclusion must be upheld.” Thomas v. Barnhart, 278 F.3d 947, 954 (9th Cir. 2002) (citations omitted).
Matthews argues that the ALJ erred by (1) failing to accurately cite, and incorporate into her residual functional capacity, the limitations identified by her treating physician, Dr. Ian Brimhall; and (2) entirely failing to address the recommendations and treatment notes of Dr. Robert Jeppson. She asks the Court to remand for an award of benefits. The Commissioner agrees that the ALJ committed harmful error by failing to properly incorporate the limitations identified by Dr. Brimhall, but does not agree that the ALJ erred by failing to address the evidence provided by Dr. Jeppson. The Commissioner asks the Court to remand for further proceedings. Thus, the issues on appeal are whether it was permissible for the ALJ to ignore Dr. Jeppson’s evidence, and what type of remedy the Court should provide.
A. Dr. Jeppson’s Evidence.
Matthews consulted with Dr. Jeppson, a psychiatrist, on two occasions. A.R. 401-02, 516-17. In his treatment note for their April 4, 2014 consultation, Dr. Jeppson stated that Matthews’s history was “strongly suggestive of hypothyroidism.” A.R. 401. In his note for their October 23, 2014 consultation, Dr. Jeppson reported that Plaintiff continued to struggle with poor concentration, energy, and motivation as a result of her depression. A.R. 516. He noted that she had been “unable to tolerate antidepressant [medications], ” which had made it difficult to provide effective treatment for her symptoms. Id. He observed that her affect was “somewhat blunted, ” her mood was “depressed, ” and that she appeared to be “psychomotorically retarded.” Id. He concluded that these struggles would “prevent her from succeeding at a work setting, ” and recommended that she not “attempt to work for the foreseeable future as the stress and likely failure will worsen her clinical status and [side-effects].” Id.
The ALJ entirely failed to discuss Dr. Jeppson’s treatment notes. His name does not appear in the ALJ’s opinion at all. The Commissioner sees no problem with this. She quotes Howard ex rel. Wolff v. Barnhart for the proposition that “the ALJ does not need to discuss every piece of evidence, ” 341 F.3d 1006, 1012 (9th Cir. 2003), and Rounds v. Commissioner for the proposition that the ALJ may “rely on specific imperatives regarding a claimant’s limitations, rather than recommendations, ” 807 F.3d 996, 1006 (9th Cir. 2015) (citing Carmickle v. Comm’r, 533 F.3d 1155, 1165 (9th Cir. 2008). Doc. 12 at 3. Matthews counters that the ALJ was required to consider Dr. Jeppson’s note because it is a medical opinion. Doc. 13 at 2.
“Medical opinions are statements from physicians and psychologists or other acceptable medical sources that reflect judgments about the nature and severity of [a claimant’s] impairment(s), including [her] symptoms, diagnosis and prognosis, what [she] can still do despite impairment(s), and [her] physical or mental restrictions.” 20 C.F.R. § 404.1527(a)(2). A treatment note constitutes a medical opinion if it includes the type of information described in this regulation. Winschel v. Comm’r, 631 F.3d 1176, 1179 (11th Cir. 2011) (“The Commissioner argues that the ALJ was not required to consider the treating physician’s treatment notes because they did not constitute a ‘medical opinion, ’ but this argument ignores the language of the ...