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Arredondo v. Penzone

United States District Court, D. Arizona

January 24, 2019

Leo Orlando Arredondo, Plaintiff,
v.
Paul Penzone, et al., Defendants.

          ORDER

          Honorable Diane J. Humetewa United States District Judge

         Plaintiff filed a pro se Civil Rights Complaint pursuant to 42 U.S.C. § 1983 on September 18, 2017 (Doc. 1).

         In the Notice of Assignment issued September 18, 2017 (Doc. 4), Plaintiff was warned that dismissal could result from failure to file a notice of change of address. In an Order entered January 23, 2018 (Doc. 6), Plaintiff was cautioned that failure to immediately file a notice of change of address "may result in the dismissal of this action." On December 10, 2018, the Clerk of the Court received a notice from MCSO Inmate Legal Services that Plaintiff was no longer in custody. Plaintiff had not filed a notice of change of address. On January 2, 2019, the Court ordered (Doc. 44) Plaintiff to either (1) show cause as to why this action should not be dismissed for failure to prosecute or (2) file a notice of change of address with the court, reflecting Plaintiff's current address. Plaintiff's copy of that Order was also returned undeliverable (Doc. 45). Plaintiff has not responded.

         Plaintiff has the general duty to prosecute this case. Fidelity Philadelphia Trust Co. v. Pioche Mines Consolidated, Inc., 587 F.2d 27, 29 (9th Cir. 1978). In this regard, it is the duty of a plaintiff who has filed a pro se action to keep the Court apprised of his or her current address and to comply with the Court's orders in a timely fashion. This Court does not have an affirmative obligation to locate Plaintiff. “A party, not the district court, bears the burden of keeping the court apprised of any changes in his mailing address.” Carey v. King, 856 F.2d 1439, 1441 (9th Cir. 1988). Plaintiff's failure to keep the Court informed of his new address constitutes failure to prosecute.

         Rule 41(b) of the Federal Rules of Civil Procedure provides that “[i]f the plaintiff fails to prosecute or to comply with these rules or a court order, a defendant may move to dismiss the action.” In Link v. Wabash Railroad Co., 370 U.S. 626, 629-31 (1962), the Supreme Court recognized that a federal district court has the inherent power to dismiss a case sua sponte for failure to prosecute, even though the language of Rule 41(b) of the Federal Rules of Civil Procedure appears to require a motion from a party. Moreover, in appropriate circumstances, the Court may dismiss a complaint for failure to prosecute even without notice or hearing. Id. at 633.

         In determining whether Plaintiff's failure to prosecute warrants dismissal of the case, the Court must weigh the following five factors: “(1) the public's interest in expeditious resolution of litigation; (2) the court's need to manage its docket; (3) the risk of prejudice to the defendants; (4) the public policy favoring disposition of cases on their merits; and (5) the availability of less drastic sanctions.” Carey, 856 F.2d at 1440 (quoting Henderson v. Duncan, 779 F.2d 1421, 1423 (9th Cir. 1986)). “The first two of these factors favor the imposition of sanctions in most cases, while the fourth factor cuts against a default or dismissal sanction. Thus the key factors are prejudice and availability of lesser sanctions.” Wanderer v. Johnson, 910 F.2d 652, 656 (9th Cir. 1990).

         Here, the first, second, and third factors favor dismissal of this case. Plaintiff's failure to keep the Court informed of his address prevents the case from proceeding in the foreseeable future. The fourth factor, as always, weighs against dismissal. The fifth factor requires the Court to consider whether a less drastic alternative is available. Without Plaintiff's current address, however, certain alternatives are bound to be futile. Here, as in Carey, “[a]n order to show cause why dismissal is not warranted or an order imposing sanctions would only find itself taking a round trip tour through the United States mail.” 856 F.2d at 1441.

         The Court finds that only one less drastic sanction is realistically available. Rule 41(b) provides that a dismissal for failure to prosecute operates as an adjudication upon the merits “[u]nless the court in its order for dismissal otherwise specifies.” In the instant case, the Court finds that a dismissal with prejudice would be unnecessarily harsh. The Complaint and this action will therefore be dismissed without prejudice pursuant to Rule 41(b) of the Federal Rules of Civil Procedure.

         IT IS ORDERED that reference of this matter to the magistrate judge is withdrawn.

         IT IS FURTHER ORDERED pursuant to Rule 41(b) of the Federal Rules of Civil Procedure this action is dismissed without prejudice and the Clerk ...


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