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United States v. Cardenas-Romo

United States District Court, D. Arizona

July 18, 2019

United States of America, Plaintiff,
v.
Carlos Alonzo Cardenas-Romo, Defendant.

          FINDINGS AND RECOMMENDATION OF THE MAGISTRATE JUDGE UPON A PLEA OF GUILTY AND ORDER

          Honorable Deborah M. Fine United States Magistrate Judge.

         TO THE HONORABLE NEIL V. WAKE, SENIOR U.S. DISTRICT JUDGE:

         Upon Defendant's request to enter a plea of guilty pursuant to Rule 11 of the Federal Rules of Criminal Procedure, this matter came on for hearing before U.S. Magistrate Judge Deborah M. Fine on July 18, 2019 with the written consents of the Defendant, counsel for the Defendant, and counsel for the United States of America.

         The Magistrate Judge accepted Defendant's waiver of indictment after inquiring about Defendant's understanding of the right to prosecution by indictment. Defendant's written waiver constitutes a part of the plea agreement that has previously been lodged with the Court. Thereafter, the matter came on for a hearing on Defendant's plea of guilty in full compliance with Rule 11, Federal Rules of Criminal Procedure, before the Magistrate Judge in open court and on the record.

         In consideration of that hearing and the statements made by the Defendant under oath on the record and in the presence of counsel, and the remarks of the Assistant United States Attorney and of counsel for Defendant, I FIND as follows:

(1) that the Defendant understands the nature of the charge against him to which the plea is offered and the elements of the offense(s) to which he/she is pleading guilty;
(2) that the Defendant understands the right to trial by jury, to persist in a plea of not guilty, to the assistance of counsel at trial and at every other stage of the proceedings, to confront and cross-examine adverse witnesses, to present evidence, to compel the attendance of witnesses, and the right against compelled self-incrimination;
(3) that the Defendant understands the maximum possible penalty for the offense to which he is pleading guilty, including imprisonment, fine and supervised release; that Defendant understands the effect of the supervised release term and any forfeiture provision; and that Defendant understands the Court's authority to order restitution and its obligation to impose a special assessment;
(4) that the Defendant understands the Court's obligation to calculate the applicable sentencing guideline range and to consider that range, possible departures under the Sentencing Guidelines, and other sentencing factors under 18 U.S.C. § 3553(a); and that Defendant understands that the sentencing guidelines are advisory, not mandatory, and that the Court may sentence outside those guidelines;
(5) that the plea of guilty by the Defendant has been knowingly and voluntarily made and is not the result of force or threats or of promises apart from the plea agreement between the parties;
(6) that the Defendant is competent to plead guilty;
(7) that the Defendant understands that his statements under oath may later be used against him in a prosecution for perjury or false statement;
(8) that the Defendant understands that by pleading guilty he waives the right to a jury trial;
(9) that the Defendant understands the terms of any plea agreement provision waiving the right to appeal or to collaterally attack the sentence, and has knowingly, ...

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